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Resource: Inventory of Passive House Solutions

Name of organisation: IEE project "PEP" reviewed by VMSW

Type of ressource: guidance documents

Addressed barriers:

  • technical
  • skills/ knowledge gap
  • low motivation

Addressed users:

  • building user (social housing organization)
  • building owner
  • design team
  • project manager
  • public decision maker


  • English
  • Danish
  • Finnish
  • German
  • Dutch

Process stage:

  • pre- design phase (appraisal and strategic briefing)
  • design phase (project briefing)


Thermal Insulation Windows and Shading Air Tightness Heating and Hot Water Cooling Ventilation


The document gives an overview of Passive House solutions. An inventory has been made of Passive House solutions for new build residences applied in different European countries. Based on this, the most common basic solutions have been identified and described in further detail, including the extent to which solutions are applied in common and best practice and expected barriers for the implementation in each country.
The analysis of Passive House solutions in European countries shows high priority with regard to the performance of the thermal envelope, such as high insulation of walls, roofs, floors and windows/ doors, thermal bridge-free construction and air tightness. Due to the required air tightness, special attention must be paid to indoor air quality through proper ventilation.
Finally, efficient ((semi-)solar) heating systems for combined space and DHW heating still require a significant amount of attention in most countries. Other basic Passive House solutions show a smaller discrepancy with common practice and fewer barriers have
been encountered in partner countries.
Moreover, the general barriers in partner countries have been inventoried. For each type of barrier a suggested approach has been given. Most frequently encountered barriers in chosen countries are: limited know-how; limited contractor skills; and acceptation of Passive Houses in the market.



the inventory of Passive House solutions has been prepared for the following EUropean countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Norway, UK and the Netherland.